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Nasir Abbas
Syed Ali Abid Naqvi
Adil Zaman


This study has been designed to evaluate the intersectionality of class and violence against children
in Pakistan. Violence against children has been fermenting but there is little literature available to
explain the impacts of this new phenomenon on the lateral life of neglected children in Pakistan.
This study has been conducted using a quantitative approach. The population consisted of children
residing at four Child Protection Institutions (CPI) including Lahore, Gujranwala, Faisalabad, and
Rawalpindi. A sample of 230 children has been selected using a classified random sampling
technique. It is worth mentioning here that all the children are aged less than 18 years and rescued
before 30 days. A cross-sectional survey has been conducted and a structured questionnaire has been
constructed. It has been divided into different parts including socio-economic characteristics,
violence, and health status. It has been pre-tested from 30 randomly selected children and the value
of Alpha has ranged from .702 to .864. frequency distribution, descriptive statistics, correlation, and
independent sample T-tests have been employed to draw results and conclusions. The study findings
outlined that there was a significant correlation between physical, sexual, emotional, spiritual, and
psychological violence social well-being, and physical and psychological health. Similarly, the
statistical analysis shows that there is a significant difference in financial abuse between rural and
urban background destitute and neglected children in the custody of the Child Protection & Welfare
Bureau in Punjab.

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How to Cite
Nasir Abbas, Syed Ali Abid Naqvi, & Adil Zaman. (2024). INTERSECTIONALITY OF CLASS AND VIOLENCE AGAINST CHILDREN IN PAKISTAN. International Journal of Contemporary Issues in Social Sciences, 3(2), 1943–1952. Retrieved from